standing appa outline
Senator LaBoucane-Benson: Thank you very much for your presentation. Even if you are not a birth mother, you are an auntie or cousin, and you look after all the children in your community. I want you to have the courage to do the substantive amendments that are required. It goes on to lay out a number of principles after that. I think the idea of measurable outcomes probably goes to defining “prevention.” They talk about preventive services, but I don’t feel like there’s a good definition of “prevention.”. Would it make more sense to do something with experts in collecting data and the experts that have the data, working together and skipping the folks that we’ve heard are the problem? When you talk about children and families, to be honest, there were a lot of pointed comments between the different groups. I’m from Manitoba. But as Dr. Blackstock said over and over again, we need to establish appropriate baselines. Senator Busson: Bev Busson, British Columbia. I think it’s clear we need to have a certain time frame and come back to it to make sure the bill improves. I would say to you that the problem isn’t in the legislation so much; it’s in the lack of resources for families to be able to give that meaning. Women are essentially silenced in this bill, and they are so critical to raising their children. Page, you talked about the need to have measurable outcomes in order to gauge the success of Bill C-92. This bill, should it see the light of day and be passed, if it’s not consistent with the vision that Dr. Blackstock and others have talked about, I would have major problems with it. Senator McPhedran: Thank you, as always, for being with us, Dr. Blackstock. This funding cannot be structured like contribution agreements, which would still amount to federal and provincial governments controlling the ways in which Indigenous governing bodies use the money. Mr. To me it wasn’t poverty, though people may see it like that. Use the Cut-Out Tool to make it look like you’re floating on a fluffy cloud or standing next to a celebrity. It could be to one of the parents or to an extended family member. update (i.e. Done. But, of course, I’m always very interested in what’s going on. The language in the bill that deals with financing is pretty much limited to the preamble, which doesn’t give it much force, I think many lawyers would argue. One of the things I found is that Canada has adopted a very narrow definition of child and family services. One is, which court is going to review this act? They have different needs and different ambitions. Â The words “choose” and “prepare” are both verbs. It is 16. Ms. Blackstock: Yes, and view that as an essential platform for the success of this legislation. If you use a noun, then all your headings and sub-headings must use nouns. I said, “What do you do?” They said, “As a community, we try to collect enough money that we can put food in the fridge so when the social worker comes to look in the fridge, the kids will have the opportunity to visit with their parents.” So again, that’s not right. That’s why it’s important for jurisdictions to work together, to be honest. It is not clear. Dr. Blackstock mentioned a need for a national data collection system for children in care. We fund the federal fund, as you know, the First Nation services, and other services are funded by provinces. Some I said, “You have a great team, but they look like they’re close to retirement. The bill seeks to keep families together through the prevention and immediate apprehension of a newborn child through a range of prenatal services and preventive care to support families at risk as long as the child remains safe. It’s even the quality of the roads in the community that means their kids get apprehended if the social worker can get in to apprehend the kids. There is no guaranteed level or structure of funding in this legislation, despite the fact that the preamble recognizes the call for funding in a sustainable and predictable way. I have a PhD in social work and I am not qualified to sit and write regulations on my own. Another thing that’s definitely missing in this area, once we get the baseline, we need to make sure that demographics and inflation are compensated for. I had an opportunity to speak to a lot of youth across the country. Cynthia Wesley-Esquimaux, Formerly Minister’s Special Representative on Child Welfare, as an individual: Good morning, and thank you for the opportunity to come and speak to you. This legislation is more a starting point. Now, I appreciate that there needs to be some flexibility because in some First Nation communities there are their traditional governance systems, and in others there are elected band councils. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: I think it needs to be needs-based. Of course, money is part of this equation, but it’s not the only issue. This day has been a long time coming, so it’s great to have this bill in front of us. 11:00 AM-1:00 PM. Apprehension costs a lot of money at the moment, and it’s not necessarily producing the results. To help you understand what an alphanumeric outline is composed of, you may refer to this basic alphanumeric outline sample. Non-Indigenous people might think of a school board or some other body. completed “Assessment of Progress and Actions Taken” column)until all recommendations are fully implementedor otherwise addressed to the satisfaction of the PAC. When we did the study looking at First Nations agencies that provide child and family services, we found that very little money is actually spent on prevention. Transfer Printing(1) Method of Transfer Printing. The Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples met this day at 8 a.m. to study the subject matter of Bill C-92, An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families. Consideration should be given to revising Bill C-92 so that the principle of substantive equality — clause 9(3) — is amended to include measurable outcomes of well-being. However, we also recognize that there is still a risk of identification, particularly in smaller communities. We’re doing it through agencies, as was mentioned. I will make a few remarks on the financial aspects of the bill. I wanted to ask you about funding. Disaggregated data that will demonstrate where gaps in services exist and how they can be improved is something we want to support. The language in the preamble, what does it mean for these new jurisdictions that will take on the provision of these services? It is an honour to be here with you today. We could do research for a mechanism that we could suggest be inserted that would do this, because we heard from Dr. Blackstock that this is the hard work that isn’t getting done and that needs to get done in order for it to be anything more than a last-minute win before the election, a symbolic win. She went to the child care agency, and they said, “Well, if you sign them over, you could get $1,200 a month per child,” which makes a lot of sense. What we’ve envisioned and had conversations about over the many years of doing reviews with the department is that we already have over 105 First Nations agencies in existence that have been operating for 40 years or more. Senator Pate: Thank you all for presenting. If the mother is drinking, we ask her what’s happening in her life, and we help her so that the kids stay in the community. In addition, the tribunal signalled that we need to reform the system and that’s what this legislation is opening up. There is very little mention. You quickly go through that list because the family does not have the capacity, not because they’re choosing not to, but because socio-economic conditions have put them in that situation. Those principles are that there needs to be substantive equality. I have had suicide in my family. We want to be able to give the money to the agencies ourselves. It’s about affirming the jurisdiction and also some principles and standards across the country. This money, as was mentioned, goes through the current system. That was based on 2017-18 data. It’s basically saying that you have jurisdiction. In a lot of those tables, more and more, actually, given the fact we give a lot of attention to this file, many First Nations and Indigenous groups come to the table and want to talk about CFS. On the issue of jurisdiction, we adopt the views of the Yellowhead Institute in this regard. The process through which NWAC was engaged is the one that Ms. Joe described. Chapter 10: Snippet And More Outline Summary: Road ... (Appa did not get stolen in this au) spirits dont do papers. Page, I appreciate what you said, and I’m interested in the substantive equality. This clause needs the same protection as clause 12. My question is to you, Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux. Hence your headings and subheadings must look like this: I.Â Foundation of Mugs.A.Â History of Mugs. It’s quite often very much against what the community itself would do if given the opportunity to make those decisions on their own. Senator Pate: One of the points you raised was the Parliamentary Budget Officer. I agree with you that it’s not properly defined. We understand that this bill is a vital change to the way the system works right now, but we also need to ensure that bill contains the necessary amendments to truly protect Indigenous children and to truly respect inherent jurisdiction and self-government. There were a lot of stories like that right across the board. We have a lot of work to do. It says: Whereas Parliament recognizes the disruption that Indigenous women and girls have experienced in their lives in relation to child and family services systems and the importance of supporting Indigenous women and girls in overcoming their historical disadvantage . If we started tracking indicators of well-being, there is a range of indicators that I alluded to in my opening remarks, such as health, emotional strength, stability, literacy in their own languages and numeracy. In 153 years, there has never been an independent evaluation of those departments to be able to identify what stops them from doing better for First Nations children when they know better. These incorporate a prefix, which could be a letter or a number, before each topic that helps to cite them. Decorationa. I mean no disrespect, senators, but no one at Indigenous affairs headquarters has a social work degree. It’s brand new, and it’s practising Indigenous social work. They’re definitely pragmatically available to all of us, as we’ve seen through the different types of innovations that have been made around language and telehealth, except maybe now we’re going to create “tele-elder” or maybe even “tele-bear.”. There is nothing in here on national data collection. Thank you. Username. . Page: In terms of what might make sense, I agree a lot with what you are saying — setting targets that are aligned to indicators of well-being, not just children in care, and reviewing these targets on an annual basis, maybe not even four or five years, just tracking it on an annual basis and having independent oversight. They had been working on it for 25 years and were ready to go, and I think there was recognition that those people will be able to be first out of the gate, or however you want to say it. I.Â Foundation of MugsA.History of MugsB.Â Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society1. I don’t understand.”. They don’t necessarily have the resources to do the succession planning that would make sense. And they need to because there are no resources. I heard from a lot of people across the country, chiefs included, and I met with many of the elders as well. Actually, I was thinking more about the percentage of how much protection is required, not so much how much money. I would like to acknowledge, for the sake of reconciliation, that we are meeting on the traditional unceded lands of the Algonquin peoples. And make it a transparent process so that people can feed into that process of regulation development. Page, who did a costing on your behalf or in collaboration with you. When I was up in Old Crow and in Natuashish and Sheshatshiu, the standards that are applied there are not fitting for the community. I’ve been told that there have been sessions where lunch meetings were held, and that was considered engagement. Although, I want to recognize the former and late Auditor General Michael Ferguson who did identify the issue of public service culture as being one of the key issues that he felt was a barrier to the implementation of the many recommendations the Auditor General had made regarding improvements to services for First Nations peoples. Standing Committee on Audit and Oversight. How do you see that organizing itself? We have seen in the bill, as Senator Pate pointed out in the first round of questioning, the preamble recognizes a call for funding. Do you agree with that statement or not? So surely the notion of “first steps” and “we are making progress” should not be satisfactory to anyone in this country. You are looking at a budget for well-being and indicators of measurable outcomes of well-being. I like the way, Mr. We want to determine how that money is expended.”. Extend their mandates on and off reserve. Then they can decide the most important criteria for them and add the desired emphasis to reflect in their own legislation. At this meeting, the minister committed to six points of action to reduce the number of Indigenous children in care, including supporting communities to exercise jurisdictions over child and family services, and exploring the potential of co-developed federal child welfare legislation. If the bill passes, it will affirm what Indigenous people have been demanding for a long time. Page. So it is a different complexity. Mr. Tremblay: It is a debate we had during all the engagement. So first, try to keep those kids in their communities and with their families. Senator Pate: So you would be in agreement with the tribunal? The people who might be able to pass legislation on their behalf are the people who could potentially have been discriminating against them in their communities. Other fields of study also use the APA format but not limited to Business, Economics, Nursing, and Criminology. Action Plan and Progress Assessment (APPA) ... 4The Select Standing Committee on Public Accounts (PAC) will request that the audited organization provide a yearly update (i.e completed “Assessment of Progress and Actions Taken” column)until all recommendations are fully implemented or otherwise addressed to the satisfaction of the PAC. So, we need to figure out a formula or mechanism by which we could bind the government, morally or legally, to develop dollars. Whatever that might be right now, that’s fine. But for jurisdiction, I think we need to consider that we need to have processes in place to be proactive, and we need to ensure that we’re focused on the services for the child. The current approach of Indigenous child and family services means that Indigenous children are too often separated from their families, communities, language and culture. If not, can we? Putting the reasons for that aside, I think this data needs to be generated by First Nations, indicators they see and that they will measure. Clearly the foster parents have the corner on all of the money and they have the lobby. Mr. Tremblay, Bill C-92 contains no guaranteed funding to enable First Nations jurisdiction. Mr. Tremblay: There is already an obligation for the federal government to fund the First Nations system at this stage. People can survive those kinds of things. 1. Subordination is the relationship between the headings and the sub-headings. It is actually legislation focusing on what came out as a consensus, which was to address the issue that needed to be addressed for years, the issue of jurisdiction, and also making sure that the rights of the children were taken into account. Senator Tannas: Can you see good examples of communities that are able to do that consulting within themselves? I think First Nations, Inuit and Metis children deserve more guarantees in this bill, particularly around funding and respect for their distinct cultures and languages. The first principle is the best interests of the child; second, cultural continuity; third, substantive equality. And Dr. Wesley-Esquimaux, thank you for all of your work. To the extent we have data that compares Indigenous and non-Indigenous children, there are gaps. Facilities operations and maintenance encompasses a broad spectrum of services, competencies, processes, and tools required to assure the built environment will perform the functions for which a facility was designed and constructed. If you start your headings with a verb, then your subheadings should start with a verb. Mr. For some nations, it will be five years. That money was supposed to go directly to the communities. Capital letters are used for the subheadings (A, B, C, D, E). . For any of you who have grandchildren or children that young, to put a three-year-old in a group home is absolutely ridiculous. They made her empty out her house so she could create two separate bedrooms and later learned that children can stay in the same room until they are 12 years old, and these were two little girls. They’re not really empowered to go in there and look at culture. That could possibly lead to the status quo, because although in another part of the legislation children will not be apprehended because of poverty, the first piece is about physical, emotional and psychological safety, which can be very subjective at times. … How would you see making these amendments? High quality Standing gifts and merchandise. Isa Gros-Louis, Director General, Child and Family Services Reform, Indigenous Services Canada: During the engagement session, we heard the concerns you are raising of trying to balance all of this in the legislation. Ms. Blackstock: What we’re asking for is an ingraining of funding principles. How can the bill move forward despite all of this stuff? I don’t know whether the committee found it out, but certainly one of the things that I found out when talking to one of the former premiers of Saskatchewan was that the provincial funding formula for education took into account the kinds of things we’re talking about today, for example, remoteness of the school. If you like to add moreÂ than one subheading to your main heading, just by adding the next English alphabet in capital letters in the next subheading. Ms. Blackstock: Yes. What’s behind the very vision that Dr. Blackstock talks about is moving some of the focus away from protection, which we’ve seen in existing models, to something where we want children to thrive. The Chair: Thank you. The PBO has done good work on costing out First Nation education gaps, water gaps and schools, but we’re asking for something holistic across all those programs so we can finally have a comprehensive plan that puts all these inequalities behind these children and families forever. You may also see theÂ chapter outline. I have a lot of concern about this bill. You may also see theÂ program outline. Since 1974, NWAC has represented the collective voices of Indigenous women, girls and gender-diverse people of First Nations, on and off reserve, both status and non-status, disenfranchised Metis and Inuit. I talked to a lot of grandparents, and I felt that we have a really strong problem with ageism. I appreciate that, as has been said, it’s the opening of a door that has been asked to be open for quite some time and is largely focused on jurisdiction. They took his two daughters away. With regard to our second panel, we had planned on having two witnesses this morning. Shop Standing iPhone and Samsung Galaxy cases by independent artists and designers from around the world. One of the key areas where I think there are sufficient problems in the funding relates to this idea of vision. So we will expand this out nationally. If you’re a beginner in writing a research paperÂ or an essay and your instructor asked you to use the APA format, you may not have the faintest idea what APA means, let alone use the format. And where it’s not possible, where there isn’t a First Nations agency proximal to a major urban centre, work with the host First Nation and other Indigenous communities who populate that area to create an agency or mechanism to service the community members living in that area. Other agencies have also asked for an extension of their mandates off reserve. I would ask Isa to tell how you how we came to this and how we think, at the end, that we actually protect this aspect. It was warm, it was safe and I was loved. I think it would be hard to argue against some of these principles, like the best interests of the child, cultural continuity and substantive equality that includes rights but also outcomes. All of these things are wonderful possibilities. For people with minimal knowledge or for some who are just new to this topic, constructing a simple outline could be burdensome. But that comes to the question that was raised previously: How do you define engagement? In Alberta, for example, some nations are chomping at the bit. We name them, which I think is a more elegant way of saying that. We have provided wording for that to provide more guarantees and assurances to First Nations families that this bill does not end up being a paper tiger. This example contains several outline samples for you to relate on. I think that it ignores outcomes. Although the bill includes recognition that children shouldn’t be removed for socio-economic circumstances, what the bill does not acknowledge is that is not new. White or transparent. This is not self-government. In the meantime, their children are still going to be an apprehended based on this “best interests of the child” version. I asked if it had occurred to them that the Gwich’in people have their own models, and I said, “Why don’t you ask them about their way?” So, you’re absolutely correct that we have a lot of work to do. What would you suggest to bring human rights issues to raising children and providing focus and direction? Senator Christmas: I have a comment on the previous conversation, but I also have a question for Ms. Joe. I know this is not an easy piece of this legislation, but once a nation takes jurisdiction, they are going to place children in their own community. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: Good morning, and thank you very much for your presentations. This is also the same issue with these socio-economic issues. Unique Standing Stickers designed and sold by artists. Many people don’t realize that the only money that ever flowed to First Nations for children’s services, if they did have an agreement, was around apprehension. It shows we’ve been working with the three groups. When Appa was still a young calf who lived around the Eastern Air Temple, young airbenders were allowed to meet their future companions, who would bond with them for life. Today, I will highlight our concerns regarding the implementation of Bill C-92. So we have something called the Touchstones of Hope where we invite community members to re-establish that. The proposed pathways in this bill are meant to be tools for Indigenous groups and communities to transition to exercising jurisdiction over child and family services at a pace that works best for them. At the same time, we have legislation in front of us that we need to address and fit into a much bigger picture, which I think is also something that you’re talking about. Once that baseline is established jurisdiction by jurisdiction, I think we can then give meaning to some of the language in the preamble that needs to be put into the text of this document. As a child growing up, we went hungry. Did you participate? Communities cannot rely on unwritten promises of funding when it comes to caring for children and families. So I think there is a fourth principle to cover a big gap, one that deals just with resourcing. Some of those communities were absolutely ready. To do so would be ill-advised. When it’s such an important issue, we shouldn’t be rushed for something so important. Decorate your laptops, water bottles, helmets, and cars. If we were to say that substantive equality should drive the funding, and that could be determined every four years with a study by the PBO, this would give us a handle to grab onto that would, at a minimum, have a government explaining why they’re not doing that and having a PBO with the ability to wave a flag to say that it’s not being done. Then we would say, in our amendment or our suggestion, that if a funding agreement can’t be negotiated, this would automatically become the funding agreement within a year. Moreover, this type of outline follows a certain format in organizing the ideas based on the characters used as the prefix. The families, the culture, the languages in those communities are very different. But I also know some nations will take a lot longer to get to the point of having their own laws established. We also want to point out for the committee a couple of other areas where we don’t have clarity. Ms. Blackstock: I can’t say one way or the other, because I know there are some First Nations who support it going through as it is. The Government of Canada will continue to engage with Indigenous partners, provinces and territories during the transition and implementation phases. The Chair: I will ask a follow-up question with regard to that. (1), (2), (3), (4), (5). We’ve come to the end of our time.
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