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Till that comes from the archaic bedrock of granites and gneisses forms a poor soil, and forestry and polluted (acid) rain add to its acidification. People who live in Sweden are called Swedes. The population of Sweden is about 10 million people. In the far north the region of Lappland overlaps Norrland and northern Finland. … In Svealand are Sweden’s largest lakes, including Lakes Väner, 2,181 square miles (5,650 square km); Vätter (Vättern), 738 square miles (1,911 square km); and Mälar (Mälaren), 440 square miles (1,139 square km). Sweden's coastal areas include several small islands and reefs, especially in the east and southwest. Malmo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 101,837 reviews of Malmo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Malmo resource. Geography. Sweden lies to the southwest of Finland. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Blekinge, Dalarna, Gavleborg, Gotland, Halland, Jamtland, Jonkoping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Orebro, Ostergotland, Skane, Sodermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Varmland, Vasterbotten, Vasternorrland, Vastmanland and Vastra Gotaland. Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. things sweden is famous for | … Sweden (officially, the Kingdom of Sweden) is divided into 21 counties (Ian) and 290 municipalities (kommuner). It is a developed country. It is for this reason that Swedish statesmen have often been sought out to fill major positions in the United Nations. Forty years after the Swedish parliament unanimously decided to change the formerly homogenous Sweden into a multicultural country, violent crime has increased by 300% and rapes by 1,472%. Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. The municipalities are further divided into 2512 parishes (forsamlinger). Stockholm is also Sweden’s financial capital. Current local time in Sweden – Stockholm. Today it is a constitutional monarchy with a well-established parliamentary democracy that dates from 1917. Like all of northwestern Europe, Sweden has a generally favourable climate relative to its northerly latitude owing to moderate southwesterly winds and the warm North Atlantic Current. You’ll also find Sweden’s longest river, Klarälven river snaking through this idyllic province, before it flows into one of Europe’s biggest lakes, Vänern. Summer in Sweden. The northernmost part of Sweden belongs to the Arctic. Welcome to sweden.se, our official website. Stockholm, a pretty city set on 14 islands, has a lot going for … Located on the south-central east coast of Sweden is, Stockholm – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Sweden. The kings of Sweden and Norway came to stay in Åre and Storlien for recreational purposes since the 19th century. Historically, Sweden rose from backwardness and poverty into a highly developed postindustrial society and advanced welfare state with a standard of living and life expectancy that rank among the highest in the world. The region features an undulating surface of rounded hills and mountains, large lakes, and extensive river valleys. Central Sweden is dominated by lower mountains in the west that give way to heavily forested hills and ridges, dozens and dozens of rivers and an estimated 101,000 lakes. Sweden is located on the east side of the Scandinavian Peninsula in North Europe. To the west lie the Kölen (Kjølen; Scandinavian) Mountains, through which runs the border demarcating Sweden and Norway. Description Legal. Explore Sweden Using Google Earth: Google Earth is a free program from Google that allows you to explore satellite images showing the cities and landscapes of Sweden and all of Europe in fantastic detail. In Stockholm, the Vasa is a matter of national pride. Sweden has some absolutely gorgeous hiking trails, most of which are well maintained and supplied with conveniently located mountain huts along the way. Sweden long ago disavowed the military aggressiveness that once involved its armies deeply in Europe’s centuries of dynastic warfare. Sweden extends some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) to the north and south and 310 miles (500 km) to the east and west. Sweden learned that the hard way, but the situation there is now under control. Sweden’s landscape changes from the hills of Småland to the fertile plains of Skåne, which is physiographically and economically more similar to Denmark than to the rest of Sweden. The rivers, except in the far north, where they are protected, are sources of hydroelectric power. At peace since 1814, Sweden has followed the doctrine, enunciated in every document on foreign policy since World War II, of “nonalignment in peace aiming at neutrality in war.”. The country’s chief rivers originate in the mountains of Norrland, mostly flowing southeastward with many falls and rapids and emptying into the Gulf of Bothnia or the Baltic Sea. The Muonio and Torne rivers form the frontier with Finland, and in the south the Dal River marks the transition to Svealand. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Lakes dot the fairly flat landscape, and thousands of islands form archipelagoes along more than 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of jagged, rocky coastline. This is Sweden’s oldest settled and most densely populated agricultural area. It occupies the greater part of the peninsula, which it shares with Norway. Sweden's largest rivers include the Angerman, Eman, Indal, Lagan, Ljusnan, Lule, Osterdal, Skellefte, Storuman, Torne and Ume. A long coastline forms the country’s eastern border, extending along the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea; a narrow strait, known as The Sound (Öresund), separates Sweden from Denmark in the south. Sweden × Show Labels. Sweden (Sverige) is the largest of the Nordic countries, with a population of about 10 million. Sweden is also connected to Denmark in the south by a bridge. At the region’s far northern edge, north of the Arctic Circle, are Sweden’s highest peaks: Mount Kebne (Kebnekaise), which is 6,926 feet (2,111 metres) in elevation, and Mount Sarek (Sarektjåkkå), which rises 6,854 feet (2,089 metres), in the magnificent Sarek National Park. This range is characterized by numerous glaciers, the southernmost of which is on Helags Mountain (Helagsfjället), near the Norwegian border. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. Stockholm has been the permanent capital since 1523. Sweden is located in northern Europe. It is bound by Finland, the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea to the east, Kattegat to … Stockholm is the cultural, administrative and economic center of Sweden. In the south, large lakes (some linked by canals) and widely cultivated plains stretch across the land. By 6,000 BC, when that ice finally retreated (or melted) it left in its wake a deeply-indented coastline (in the south) with many islands, and innumerable lakes, rivers and streams spread across the entire country. Except for a stretch of scenic “high coast,” the Bothnian coastal plain is low-lying and stretches from Norrland into Svealand. Significant lakes include Siljan, Storsjom, Varern and Vattern, and with few exceptions, the balance of Sweden's lakes are on the small side. This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. Swedish society is ethnically and religiously very homogeneous, although recent immigration has created some social diversity. Sweden, country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. It has chosen instead to play a balancing role among the world’s conflicting ideological and political systems. Geologically, it is one of the oldest and most stable parts of the Earth’s crust. Regions of Sweden. Off the southern coast in the Baltic, the large, flat islands of Öland and Gotland are outcropping layers of sandstone and limestone. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Sweden was the only European country to embrace this idea, and opted not to implement a lockdown. Help. The land slopes gently from the high mountains along the Norwegian frontier eastward to the Baltic Sea. With an area of 450,295 sq. The above map represents Sweden, a European country located in the Scandinavian Peninsula. Sweden, a Nordic nation in Northern Europe, covers an area of 450,295 sq. Incorporated in 1813, Sweden is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The coffee culture (Fika) (from USD 68.72) In Sweden we call it fika. Its capital and largest city is Stockholm, located along the country's east coast. Directly south of Stockholm (a city of islands) are Gotland and Oland, Sweden's largest islands. For updated information on what applies to your country, please visit krisinformation.se , official emergency information from Swedish authorities. These are relatively low-level mountains, as Sweden's highest point, Kebnekaise, stands at just 2,111 meters (about 7,000 ft.) It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle. km. Lidens församling Hotels. Sweden's authorities never said achieving herd immunity was their goal, but they did argue that by keeping more of society open, Swedes would be more likely to develop a resistance to Covid-19. Norrland is the largest and most sparsely populated of the regions, covering some three-fifths of the country. The city’s location establishes it as one of the world’s most beautiful and spectacular cities. Sweden shares its maritime borders with Germany, Denmark, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. Set among hills, forests and ponds, Sweden has a total area of 29.74 square miles (77.03 km 2), of which, 28.82 square miles (74.64 km 2) of it is land and 0.92 square miles (2.38 km 2) is water. Sweden (Swedish: Sverige) is a Nordic country in the part of Europe called Scandinavia. A shorter coastline along the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits forms Sweden’s border to the southwest, and Norway lies to the west. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Legislative power is vested in the single-chamber parliament. It has been marked on the map by an inverted triangle. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe. The population was 391 at the 2010 census. Traveling Through Europe: If you are planning to visit or travel through European countries, you should be familiar with the requirements of the Schengen Agreement.. 25 Highest Income Earning Countries In The World, 25 Countries Who Don't Invest Much In Agriculture, All You Need To Know About The Great Basin Desert, California Condor Facts: Animals Of North America, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. One-fifth of the country, especially in rainy southwestern Sweden and the cold far north, is covered by marshland and peat. How Much Are Movie Tickets Around The World? It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Sweden is a unitary state, divided into 20 counties and 290 municipalities.Location on the EU map In addition, vast areas of central Sweden are covered by heavy and fertile sea-bottom clays raised out of the sea by postglacial land uplift. Sweden's border with Norway is covered by the Scandinavian Mountains, or in Swedish, the Kolen (or Kjolen) Mountains. The season is relatively short, but it’s worth a bit of extra planning to get out into the wilderness: its natural landscape is one of Sweden… Get Stockholm's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Sweden Coronavirus update with statistics and graphs: total and new cases, deaths per day, mortality and recovery rates, current active cases, recoveries, trends and timeline. The Baltic Sea lies to the east of Sweden, as well as the Gulf of Bothnia, which separates Sweden from most of Finland. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. It is also the 5th largest country in Europe and the 3rd largest country in EU. The country has a 1,000-year-long continuous history as a sovereign state, but its territorial expanse changed often until 1809. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Today these are intermingled with mixed forests and farmland. It is bounded by the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea in the east and south; and by the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits in the southwest. Sweden is a party to the Schengen Agreement. Värmland is a natural wonderland stretching across central-west Sweden, spanning rolling hills and deep forest, and boasting some 10,000 lakes. This warship … Åre is situated in Åredalen (Åre Valley), approximately 400 metres (1,300 ft) AMSL at the coastline of Åresjön lake. More recently the area has been characterized by flourishing small factories. The lowest point in the country is Kristianstad at −2.41 m (−7.9 ft). Sweden Tourism: Tripadvisor has 1,619,266 reviews of Sweden Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Sweden resource. km, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe. Sweden: Continent : Europe: Where is Located: Sweden is a country located in the Northern Europe: Coordinates : 59.35, 18.066667: Capital : Stockholm: Largest City : Stockholm: Neighboring Countries Finland, Norway : Administrative divisions: 21 counties : Area : 173,745 sq mi: Population: 9415295: Official Language : Swedish: Currency : Swedish krona (SEK) ISO Alpha-2 Code: SE Due to Covid-19, there are currently restrictions on travels to and from Sweden. Sweden is a country in Europe. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a head of government - the prime minister - and a head of state - the monarch. 2: Sweden did much worse than the U.S. or other countries in managing COVID-19 cases and deaths. Summers in the north are short and cool, but still, have the long days Sweden's … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A region of poor and stony soils, Småland has been cultivated through the ages with some difficulty, as evidenced by the enormous mounds of stone cleared from the land. Most of the fairly level surface of eastern Svealand and northern Götaland was pressed below sea level by glaciers, leaving a landscape of fragmented bedrock, fertile clayey plains, numerous lakes, and sandy ridges. Other large cities in Sweden are Goteborg and Malmo. Sweden occupies the greater part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, which it shares with Norway. The shores of Lakes Siljan and Storsjön and the river valleys support agriculture. The above map can be downloaded, printed, and used for educational purpose like map-pointing activities or coloring. The interior of southern Sweden, Småland, is a wooded upland with elevations of 980 to 1,300 feet (300 to 400 metres). Known as the Kingdom of Sweden by its official title, Sweden has a vast coastline. The longest, however, is the Klar-Göta River, which rises in Norway and flows 447 miles (719 km), reaching Lake Väner (Vänern) and continuing southward out of the lake’s southern end to the North Sea; along its southernmost course are the famous falls of Trollhättan. As observed on the physical map of Sweden, to the north (above the Arctic Circle) Sweden is rugged with snow-covered mountains and thick forests. Its neighbors are Finland and Norway. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Stretching from the Baltic Sea to the Arctic Circle, Sweden has everything from glorious beaches and medieval towns to vast forests and crystal-clear lakes. The topography of the country is largely shaped by ice. Match the Country with Its Hemisphere Quiz, This quiz will present you with the name of a country. During the last Ice Age, much of Sweden was covered by a thick layer of ice. This type of coast, known as skärgård, is found in both the east and the west, especially around Stockholm and Gothenburg. Considering its northerly geographic location (at the latitude of parts of Greenland and Siberia), Sweden enjoys a favourable climate. Updates? Don't Talk Down the Vasa Ship. It is bordered by Norway to the west and Finland to the east and it is along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. Stockholm Where to Stay in Stockholm. Sweden. On the other hand, small areas of clayey till from younger sedimentary limestone, scattered mainly in southern Sweden, form brown earth, providing agricultural soils of high fertility. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Explore Stockholm's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. You have to decide whether it’s in the Northern Hemisphere or the Southern Hemisphere. Sweden’s nearest EU neighbours – the Danes, Finns, and Norwegians – have accepted a lockdown strategy, closing schools, workplaces, and borders … It is famous for its welfare state. Ground by glacial ice in the same direction, they have a common rounded shape. Finland. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, National Geographic Kids - Countries - Sweden, Jewish Virtual Library - Sweden Virtual Jewish History Tour, Sweden - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sweden - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).

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